Chapters 1-20(The KJV version is used if other versions are used it will be indicated)
vs.1-4 date and place, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar and among the captives.
The heavens opened and he saw visions Isaiah had a throne vision, Isa.6
Daniel saw visions from heaven, Dan.10, he saw a Man clothed in linen
John on the Isle of Patmos had a heavenly vision, Rev.1:12-14; ch.4 and 5
All three had similar visions of heaven and a similar person. Both books,
Ezekiel and Revelation open with throne visions and the first part of the
Sanctuary, the holy place where we find the golden candlestick
Vs.4. whirlwind out of the north.
North see Psalm 48:2 The Creator residing on Mt.Sion, God, the True King of
the North, against the false Anti-Christ king of the North.
Isa.41:25 (and 2) salvation from the NORTH and the rising of the sun, East.
Dan.11:40 The counterfeit King of the North also comes like a whirlwind
Papal Rome, Anti-Christ
Isa.14:13 Satan desired to sit in the North, the place of God.
vs.5 four living creatures
See Rev.4:6-8; 5:6, 8, 11
Images: Ezekiel 1:10 Ib.10:14 Rev.4:7
man cherub lion
lion man calf
ox lion man
eagle eagle eagle
These four could represent the 4 gospels:
Matthew. The Son of Man has come to give His life 20:28
Mark The gospel with speed, Eagle, straightway/immediately, 1:12
Luke Announces Jesus as the one from David, the royal line, royal 2:11
and like the Lion of Judah Rev.5:5
John Says Behold the Lamb of God, divine sacrifice, Calf. John 1:29
A Throne Vision
vs.13 burning coals of fire Hebr.1:7;12:18; Rev.1:14,15
Fire for cleansing Jer.20:9
Consuming fire 2 Thess.1:8
Dan.7:9 Daniel and the throne vision
vs 20 full of the Spirit Isa.11:2; Rev.4:5
vs.24 voice like waters Rev.1:15; 19:6
The Lord speaks with a voice like many waters.
Papacy speaks as sitting on many waters; Rev.17:1, 15
vs.25 Ezekiel sees likeness of a Man in the throne
Daniel saw a Man coming to the throne, 7:13
vs.28 the appearance of the rainbow as in Rev.4:3;10:1
What Ezekiel sees is in similar manner seen by Daniel and John the apostle.
Chapter 2 & 3
In Testimonies to Ministers by Ellen G.White p 213/4 counsel is given
to read Eze.2 and 3.
The commissioning of Ezekiel in ch.2:2 see Daniel’s experience in 10:11-13
vs.8 Ezekiel not to be rebellious against this charge.
vs.7 speak if they hear or not, 2Tim.4:1-4 speak at all times
vs.10 a book given written inside and outside
Rev.5:1 John was given a book written inside/outside
8b, 3:1-3 Ezekiel is asked to eat the book Rev.10:9 John was asked to eat the book.
In both cases it tasted sweet like honey.
Psalm 119:103 God’s word sweet as honey
Vs.5/6 Israel is compared with the surrounding nations.
The nations may have listened if they had heard what Israel was told.
Jesus compared Israel of His time with other nations,
Luke 10:13; 11:32; Matthew 11:21
3:8/9 to be strong, harder than a flint; see about Jesus in Isa.50:7
Not to show any fear, to be firm
3:11 speak to those in captivity;
God’s last message to those in end time Babylonian captivity, Rev.18:1-4
Luther wrote his book THE BABYLONION CAPTIVITY, the church
in the dark ages, in the wilderness, Rev.12:14
3:12/13 the noise of wings, like wind, the Spirit came and took him up.
Acts 2:2 rushing of a mighty wind when the Spirit came
3:15 quiet for 7 days; deeply impressed
Job’s friends deeply impressed for 7 days, Job 2:13
Daniel was under deep impression for 21 days, 10:2
In Daniel 4:10 he could not speak for a full hour
John was also deeply impressed because of what he saw and heard,
Rev.1:17; 19:10; 22:8
3:20 put a stumble block before them
Rev.3:19 I rebuke and chasten
For stumble block see Strong Conc. nr.4383 Theol.Wordbook OT nr.1050c
“Put something in the way to call their attention”
1Pet.2:8 Christ a stumble block to Israel, they did not listen
nor obey, Isa.8:14
3:18-21 finds a repeat in chapter.18
E.G.White quotes this passage of Eze.3:18-21 in Test.vl.1-313 as a warning against being an unfaithful watchman.
3:27 sounds like…………………………..Rev.22:11
he that hears he that is just
let him hear let him be just
he that refuses he that is filthy
let him refuse let him be filthy
vs.1-3 The prophet is asked to portray the fall of Jerusalem and how it will be
Those already in Babylon captivity not given any hope that Jerusalem will be
Ezekiel to lie down on left/right side a number of days. See SDABC 4-589/90
Day for a year principle, vs.4:6. See Dr.Shea’s explanation, D/R vol.1-56
vs.7-13 what he has to eat/drink during these days on his side.
vs.14 why Ezekiel refuses God’s instruction.
Daniel and his friends refused to defile their bodies, Daniel 1:8
Acts 10:14 why Peter refused God’s instruction regarding eating.
For not defiling see Exod.22:31; Deut.23:13; 2Cor.6:17, 18 & 7:1
vs.16, 17 the siege of Jerusalem would be a terrible ordeal for the people.
vs.1-4 another act to illustrate Jerusalem’s demise.
V s.5-11 reason why this happens to Jerusalem:
she was set in the midst of the nations to be a light but instead,
she has rebelled and has been wicked more than the nations
This is repeated in vs.6b
the nations also have not kept God’s statutes, but Jerusalem more, vs.7
the Lord will do something He has never done and will not do again,vs.9
the terrible nature of the judgment , cannibalism would take place, vs.10
they have defiled the Sanctuary with their abominations, vs.11
The Little Horn would do similar in later times,
as told by Daniel in ch.8:11, defilement of God’s heavenly sanctuary.
vs.12 why the one third as mentioned in vs.2, and what will happen to the various
groups, “one third”, of people
vs.13-17 God’s judgments further described.
Jerusalem would be astonishment to the nations, vs.15
Modern day Babylon, the apostate church, also would be an astonishment to the
nations see Rev.18:9,10,16,19; 3x alas
Rev.3:20 the Thyatira church; and the first beast of Rev.13 speaking blasphemy;
The 3rd and 4th horse of Rev.6 is a time of darkness, black and pale.
As a literal famine came over OT Jerusalem so would a spiritual famine come
over the NT apostate church, time of the dark ages, church in the wilderness.
Read the letter to the Thyatira church in Rev.2:18-23 compared with time of
Jezebel, wife of King Ahab and also remember the black and pale horse of
Rev.6:5-8, apocalyptic descriptions of the apostate church.
No one stood by OT Jerusalem in her time of judgment
No one will stand by NT apostate church; Dan.11:45; Rev.17:16; Job.34:20
She will come to an end without any helper.
More descriptions of divine judgments, and Jerusalem’s demise.
This is before the start of the 70 years captivity
vs.3 Symbolically the Lord speaks to the mountains ,hills, ravines and valleys, of
Israel. Eze.36:1, 4, 8
The various society levels of Israel are being addressed.
All are in a state of apostasy, and under divine judgment for their sins.
It will all be broken down, as it will happen with the apostate church in Rev.18
vs.8 but there will be a remnant left, some will escape
In the end-time some will escape, Dan.11:41; Rev.12:17; Isa.1:9; Zeph.3:12, 13
Also in the Thyatira church period was a faithful “rest” or remnant, Rev.2:24.
There are similarities between OT apostate church and the NT one,
In both cases a remnant will survive.
Apocalyptic Babylon of Revelation is NT Israel/Jerusalem which started good in
its infant days , apostolic times, but became spiritually corrupt and fell into deep
apostasy, The white horse of Rev.6 becomes a pale horse.
Paul raised his warnings in Acts.20:29, 30 and it did happen.
This is a comprehensive description of coming judgment over Jerusalem.
No one living in sin and iniquity will escape.
vs 2 disaster upon the four corners.
Rev.7:1 angels holding the winds on the four corners to prevent the final disaster
vs.14 they have blown the trumpet and did not listen.
Could this refer to the prophets to whom they have not listened?
Jesus tried to wake them up in His time, Matth.23:34-37
vs.17 weak knees and being feeble.
Belshazzar became weak seeing the handwriting, Dan.5:6
vs.19 gold and silver lost its value, James 5:1-3; EGW in 3T549
Rev.18:11-13 the valuables of the last days of no value anymore
vs.27 according to SDABC 4p.596 this expression ye shall know, 88 times in
In these judgments the Lord will make Himself to be known
Rev.16:5-7 during the plagues an angel declares the knowledge of God and
vs.1, 2 the Holy One again appears to Ezekiel.
The description similar as in ch.1 and what Daniel and John saw.
Abominations in the sanctuary by the leaders and priests
vs. 11 the 70 elders performing their abominations in the dark
Vs.14 Tammuz worship, pure idolatry in the sanctuary, false worship in opposition
to the true one.
The L. Horn of Dan.8:11 introduces false worship, in opposition
vs. 16 The 25, priests and high priest, performing greater abominations, towards
the east, sun worship.
See 2Chron.36:14 polluting the House of the Lord with heathen
Rev.17:3, 4 the last day apostate church is also full of abominations
The sealing process according to Ezekiel.
The HE of ch.8 continues in ch.9.
Who is this HE?
See ch.8:2,3a and 9:8: The Lord God is the HE
vs.2 The scene is coming forth from the temple/sanctuary
vs..2, 6 Six men coming forward to render judgment.
Like in Rev.15:6 seven angels coming out of the temple to render judgment
vs.2 they are standing besides the brazen altar, sacrifice (Exod.27)
vs.2 the direction is North again, the side of God.Eze.1:4;8:3
THE NORTH, God’s place in His temple, from where judgments will come
Then and now.
North is also the place where the man of sin resides, Dan.11:40;
2 Thess 2:4.The place of apostasy and abominations, in the temple.
In Ezekiel’s time the Chaldeans/Babylonians came from the North, Jer 1:14
In Revelation, apocalyptic Babylon is the apostate church
There is also interplay between East and North, Isa.41:2, 25
The sealing angel in Rev.7 comes from the East
The real King of the North, the Lord of Hosts, is seen in Rev.16:12 as the
real King(s) of the East.
vss2-4 one of the six men is called to do a special work of sealing/marking.
He is commanded to go through Jerusalem and to mark special people.
Paul in Eph.4:30 speaks about the Holy Spirit doing a sealing work,
Jer.B. by whom you are marked
NASB by whom you are sealed
Berkeley by whom you have been sealed with a seal
Also same in Dutch and French translations
Ezekiel does not indicate the kind of seal or mark placed on the people of
Extra note: comparing Eph.1:13 with 4:30 it seems that the Holy Spirit
seals, by Whom (4:30), but also seals Himself upon the
believer ye were sealed with that Holy Spirit (1:13)
We are told they are a peculiar people, sighing and crying, see vs.4
Jeremiah was asked to go through Jerusalem and seek, Jer.5:1
Jesus said in Luke 14:23 to go into the highways and hedges and seek
The Lord knows who are His, 2Tim.2 is: 19, He can read the seal, mark.
Judgment starts with the house of God, 1Peter.4:17
One of the six men out to execute judgment, is doing a saving work,
to mark or to seal the faithful remnant.
In Rev.21:9 one of the 7 angels involved in executive judgment in the last
Days, has the privilege to show the Bride, New Jerusalem.
Vs.8 Ezekiel’s desperate cry, like Abraham over Sodom/Gomorra, wilts thou
destroy all? (Gen.18:23)
Throne vision repeated
The HE of ch.9 continues and the man clothed in linen has more to do, vs.2
coals of fire scattering over the city.
vs.1 firmament, see 1:22,23,25,26
likeness of a throne, 1:26
vs 2 & 7 fire from between the Cherubim, 1:4, Hebr.1:7
In Rev.20:9 fire from heaven, the dwelling place of the Cherubim
vs.2, 5, 16, 19 the form of the living beings/creatures in ch.1 are Cherubim
angels are round and about the throne of God.,Hebr.1:14 sent forth
from God to minister.
All what is said and done in chs.2-9, in between these two visions
of ch.1 & 10 and coming from the throne of God.
vs.8 form of a man’s hand, 1:8
The hand of God is crucial in directing the affairs of His work on Earth
vs.6, 9,10,12,16 wheels in wheels all turning and moving, 1:24
and eyes all over, God’s eyes all over the world, 2Chron.16:9
vs.5 voice of the Almighty, 1:24
vs.6 the man clothed with linen, 9:12 (the man with the ink-horn)
vs:14 the four faces, the cherub has replaced the calf, 1:10; Rev.4:7
vs.4 the glory of the Lord on the threshold, but in vs.18 the glory departs,
Ichabod, 1Sam.4:21, apostasy/abominations brought this about.
In the beginning of His ministry, even as a youngster, Jesus graced the
the temple with His presence, but in Matth.23:39 he departs from it,
“Ye shall see Me no more”, Ichabod
In Rev.7:1 seven angels are holding the winds of strife, but when all is
finished, then also the temple will be closed, Rev.15:8
The vision continues.
Ezekiel still in the presence of the Cherubim and the wheels, vs.22.The Cherubim
Angels were in the OT in the nearness of God’s Ark in the sanctuary, above the
Mercy seat under which was the table of stones with the testimony, the Ten
The Spirit takes Ezekiel first to Jerusalem then to the captives in Chaldea where
he delivers his message which the Lord had given him. Here the vision ends
See vs. 22-25.
The people already in Chaldea are being told, no hope for Jerusalem.
vs.1-3 a group of men,25, same number as in 8:16
These men, most likely the leaders, claim that Jerusalem will be a
protection for them against the coming judgment, like a chaldron.
They seek their salvation in a city which is in great apostasy and
in grouping together like in a chaldron.
Isa. 8:9-12 no salvation in a confederation, grouping together
Rev.17:12, 16 apocalyptic, Babylon, being the end time counter
part of apostate Jerusalem also seeks salvation in grouping
together, but it will not succeed.. Apocalyptic Babylon will
fall, like Jerusalem did in Ezekiel’s time and later in 70 AD
vs.5 the Lord knows what they have in mind.
vs.6, 7 the city would be good for the dead but not for the living
Vs.8-11 there will be no escape, divine judgment will come
Reasons for this coming judgment.
vs.12 not walked in the statutes of the Lord, but after the manner of the
heathen, the warning of Jeremiah in 25:6 has not been heeded
the 70 years of captivity will come, Jer.25:12
vs.13 sudden death of two leaders., a shocking experience for Ezekiel and the
people. Through sudden death the Lord tries to call His people to
attention. See Acts 5. Ananias /Sapphira; 2 Kings 1, two groups of men
Ezekiel is afraid that even the remnant will not survive.
vs. 15 a false claim of God’s promises, Matth.7:21-23 false claims made
in that day, time of the end, judgment day.
vs. 16 Promise of God’s presence even in captivity. The Lord recognizes His
people even in Babylon,
vs. 17 He promises even a gathering up from their captivity.
In the end time a divine call to come out of Babylon, Rev.18:1-4
vs 18-20 Those who do come out will be new people, spiritually revived
reformed. They will:
a. remove the abominations which caused their captivity, 2Cor.7:1 a cleansing.
b. they will walk in obedience to the Lord’s statutes/ordinances
Rev.12:17; 14:12; 22:14 marks of last day remnant, those who come out of apocalyptic Babylon
c. they will have entered into a new covenant experience,
Jer.31:33; 32:39; Eze.36:25-27; Hebr.8:10; Rev.3:18
vs. 21. Those who do not listen will receive according to their works.
Eze.9:10; Matth.27:25 upon their heads
vs. 22, 23 the glory of the Lord leaves the city; 10:18; Ichabod
These were not Ezekiel’s words, but The Word of The Lord
To the captives in Chaldea, Ezekiel had to make it very clear that the
Lord Himself spoke to Him, because the messages were against
their human desire for Jerusalem.
As the Lord spoke in Ezekiel’s time of apostasy, so He speaks
in the last days as well, through His word and the Gift of Prophecy,
ministering in the last day Remnant church, Rev.12:17; 19:10
vss.1-16 a publicly illustrated message about the last days of Jerusalem and its
king Zedekia., who was taken captive and made blind and brought to
Babylon but never be able to see it.
vs.6 The whole message had to be made visible to the people., as we read from
Habakkuk and what he had to do with his message, Hab.2:2, 3
Ezekiel’s message also was sure and would take place, not tarry and not lie.
vs.2 gives the reason for this, they were rebellious, with eyes and not seeing
and ears but not hearing.
Jesus refers to a similar situation in His day, Matth.13:14, 15 quoting from
Isaiah 6:9, 10
vs.16 The Lord would left a few, a remnant, to bear a message for the heathen
In the last days there also will be a remnant bearing a message for the
people of their time, Rev.12:17:14:6-12
There always has been a rest/remnant, even in the time of Thyatira
Vs.17-20 Further emphasis about the imminent calamities coming over Jerusalem,
because of all that has happened within its walls, that dwell therein
vs. 20 in that manner the Lord would reveal Himself ye shall know that I
am the Lord.
In the end of all things all the world will recognise God, Phil.2:9-11
Rev.15:3, 4; 16:5-7
vs.21-28 A strong message against the idea that it would not happen in their
day. The vision would not be prolonged, vs.25, 28
As in Hab.2:3 it will not tarry; Rev.10:6 delay no longer NKJV
Things will happen in God’s own time, Gal.4:4
Matth.24:48-50 warning against servants who talk about delay.
2 Peter 3:3-8 in the last days people who do not believe it will happen.
Again it is strongly underlined that this is the word of the Lord, not human or
from Ezekiel .
This chapter provides a graphic profile of the character and personality of false
vs.2, 3, 17 they speak out of their own heart and follow their own spirit
Deut.29:18, 19 divine warning against this behaviour
Judges17:6; 21:25 Israel soon followed their own mind, Jer.11:8; 16:12
Phil.2:21 even in the time of the apostle Paul.
Psalm 81:10-12 In the end the Lord gave them over to their own
stubborn heart and counsels. This was written before
vs.4 they are cunning like foxes, of a deceptive nature
Luke 21:8 Jesus’ warning against being deceived
Rev.21:27:22:15 liars will not be in the kingdom and will not have
their name in the book of life. Eze.13:9
vs..5 They do not repair the breach in the hedge.
“They should have made it their business by preaching and advice
to bring the people to repentance and reformation, and so have made
up the hedge and put a stop to the judgments of God”
vs. 6a lying divinations, spiritism
Deut.18:10 Moses warned against it.
vs. 6b creating false hopes, false salvation message.
vs. 7 false pretences, the Lord did not speak through them
vs. 8, 10, 16 they speak about peace while there is no peace, false peace
Jer.6:14; 1Thess.5:3 false peace messages, then and now.
vs.9 they will not be numbered among God’s Israel, see above under vs.4
vs. 10-13 they use false plastering or cover up, a hailstorm shall destroy it.
Rev.16:18-19; 17:13, 14 the last day “unity” will also be destroyed
by a great hailstorm and the great city will be divided in
three under the 7th plague, Rev.16:17-21;17:16;Dan.11:45
vs. 14, 15 the so called protective wall of unity will not hold, in the day of
the wrath of God..
vs.18-20 they preached soft pillow type messages and safety.
You have promised sinners life in their sinful ways, have told them
that they shall have peace though they go on, by which their hands
have been strengthened and their hearts hardened.
Nor can anything strengthen the hands of sinners more than to tell
that they may be saved in their sins without repentance, or that
there may be repentance though they do not return from their
Ellen G.White after quoting John 3:1-16 said: It strikes directly against
the idea that you can become a child of God without any
particular change. FWp.63
Vs.21-23 Deliverance for God’s people
God promised Israel deliverance from the false prophets.
The false prophets will be destroyed.
They had preached a false message of hope, false salvation,
strengthened the hands of the wicked ,that he
should not turn away from his wicked way, by
promising him life. vs.22
Deliverance for God’s people in the last days.
Rev.14:6-12; 18:1-4 God’s last day message of deliverance
Dan.12:1, 2: Rev.16:12; 17:14; 19:11-21 God’s last day acts of
deliverance for His people from last day falsehood , the counterpart
false trio gathering the world for the final battle, Rev.16:13,14
vs.1 certain men/elders are coming to Ezekiel to enquire from the Lord through
vs.2, 3 The Lord’s answer, serious then and also for this time.
The Lord reveals to Ezekiel who they are in reality, different from what
they pretend to be
a. they have set up idols in their heart
b. a stumbling block of iniquity before their face
vs.4, 5 Because of what they are and have done, the Lord will answer and do
They have become estranged
Isa.59:2 Sin separates from God.
Matth.27:45 when Jesus became our substitute, sin for us 2Cor.5:21, He cried
My God, My God why hast Thou forsaken Me?
Sin and God do not mix.
vs.6 What ought to be done:
a. Repent b. Turn away from your idols c. Turn from your abominations
Ellen G. White quotes this text in 5T164 and adds:
If we love the things of the world and have pleasure in
unrighteousness or fellowship with the unfruitful works
of darkness we have put the stumbling block of our iniquity
before our face and have set up idols in our heart. And unless
by determined effort we put them away we shall never be
acknowledged as the sons and daughters of God.
See also Matth.7:21-23; Acts 8:21 heart not right before God.
vs.7-10 What the Lord will do to bring Israel back:
7b the Lord will step in Himself to take care of the situation
vs.8 a. be against that person
b. make him/her a sign, proverb
c. cut of from His people
vs.9. even deception as from the Lord will take place
The apostle Paul in 2Thess.2:10, 11 speaks about that God will
send a delusion that they will believe the lie for those who
vs10. the people will have to bear the punishment of their sins, even a false prophet,
who was “sent”(vs.9) by God will bear his punishment. God allows this to
happen and the people look upon it as done by God. This is eastern way of
vs.11. the purpose is to bring them back to be His people again
2Cor.6:17, 18; Hosea 2:23
Vss12-21 salvation is a strict individual matter. 4 times, 14,16,18,20 we are
reminded of the fact, as Israel was, that even other righteous men ,like
Noah, Daniel or Job they will not be able to save us.
They will only deliver their souls, be saved by their righteousness, vs.14, 20
What kind of righteousness? Jer.23:6 when The Lord’s righteousness
becomes our righteousness, John 3:16
vs.22,23 There will be a remnant as a witness regarding the saving and soul
changing work of the Lord in their lives.
When afflictions have done their work, and have accomplished
that for which they were sent ,then will appear the wisdom and goodness
of God in sending them, and God will not only be justified, but
glorified in them. (Matth.Henry vl.VI- 830)
Rom.2:4 God’s goodness leads to repentance.
Rom.5:3-5 from tribulations to hope, salvation
Parable of the dead vine tree good for nothing and being burned completely is
taken as an example how Jerusalem will meet its fate for their trespasses.
vs.4 the fire will devour both ends and its middle part.
vs.5 when it was whole, it did not do its work, when Israel was in
good position it did not do its work for which it was chosen
Exod.19:5, 6 chosen to be a peculiar treasure, a holy nation..
vs.7 divine fire for punishment devours
vs.8 all this will come because of trespassing God’s law,
Jer.9:13; 22:9; Ezra 9:10; Dan.9:7, 8; Isa.24:5; Hos.8:1
A lengthy narration of what God has done for His people from their early start
and how badly they have responded.
vs.1 It is again the Word of the Lord coming to Ezekiel.
vs. 2-6 Israel’s origin as from its early beginning, either from
the time of Abraham found in Ur of Chaldea or from the time when
delivered from Egypt.
they were not regarded as important, not being loved, not being
cared for, not being washed,
but the Lord called them to live, 2 times in vs.6
Why did the Lord do this?
Not because of their natural greatness or importance,
but He loved them, Deut.4:37; 7:7,8
John 3:16 is still a deep expression of God’s love towards mankind.
That is still the reason for the call to come out according to Rev.18:1-4
Vs.7-14 a summary of what God has done for His people:
a. He multiplied them, vs.7
b. He covered them with His covenant of love,vs.8
c. A covenant love relationship, vs.8
d. Washed away thy blood/sin, Isa.1:18
e. Anointed with oil, vs.9 Holy Spirit
f. They were made beautiful, all over 10-13
g. They became known worldwide, vs.14 Solomon’s time
The infant NT Christian church went through a similar experience.
From the spiritual greatness of the Ephesus church it went down to the
darkness of the Thyatira period., Rev.2
vs.15-34 The change which took place and how it is described.
A graphic picture of Israel’s apostasy. It is comparable with the
apostate woman of Rev. 17/18 and in stark contrast with God’s
woman, His church/bride of Rev.12:1;21:2,9;22:17
15 trusting in its own beauty, compare with Rev.3:17a;18:7
15 she shares her sins with others, Rev.17:2;18:3
16 decked in divers colours, Rev.17:4
17 what God had given for a different purpose, now used for idolatry
18 God’s oil and incense used for idolatry
19 God’s word taken to the world by way of corruption, the things
God had given for their benefit used in idolatry
20/21 children sacrificed, the ultimate abomination in idolatry
22 a reference to vs. 4 and 6, they had forgotten their origin, Rev.3:3
23-25 they had made themselves high places for apostate worship.
26 fornication with the surrounding nations, Rev.17:2
27 delivered into the hands of those who would hate them, this is
similar to what will happen to the whore of Revelation Rev.17:16
the nations will hate her, because of her evil they have
discovered too late.
28-34 here is further described and repeated Israel’s idolatry with the nations. The matter is described in terms of being in charge, giving gifts, hiring or bribing.Rev.18:15 had become rich by her
Isn’t that the same with the whore of Revelation 17/18 ruling over the nations who in the end have given their power to the
beast, Rev.17:13 until they become disillusioned,ib.16, as the nations became disillusioned with Israel,Eze.16:27 who are ashamed of your lewd conduct (NASB) or sick of your filthy ways. (Jer.B.)
Note; Israel boasted being wealthy and rich, not knowing they were
wretched ,miserable ,poor ,blind and naked as it is said of the
Laodicea church in Rev.3:17.
vs.35-41 In vs.35 Israel, God’s covenanted people, is now addressed by
the Lord as O harlot
and again her sins are described.
Then from 37-41 we find that the Lord will use those with
whom Israel has committed spiritual fornication, her lovers,
they will now be used against her, they will turn against her.
This is similar what we find in Rev.17:16 the ten horns, the lovers of
the Apocalyptic harlot will turn against her, make her desolate, naked
and burn her with fire., see also Dan.7:11 the beast burned with fire
and in Rev.19:20 beast and false prophet in the lake of fire.
vs.42-52 The interesting issue in these verses is that they have done
worse than Samaria or Sodom.. Samaria had not even done
half of what they had done,vs.51
Jesus does something similar when speaking about Israel of
His day, see Matth.10:15; Mark 6:11; Luke 10:12-14
vs.53-63 restoration of Israel after the captivity based on the
everlasting covenant which will include all people, here
called thy sisters, all those in sin being named as Sodom
and Samaria, when they return from their sinful state.
vs.61 but not by thy covenant not based on their terms or
promises, but on the better promises Hebr.8:6
Better promises in contrast to the promises they had made
under the terms of the (old) covenant they had made in
Sinai, which were their promises we will do, Exod.19:8;
24:3, 7. and was soon broken, also by idolatry, golden calf
For more explanation about old and new (everlasting) covenant
(See SDABC vl.4-633 or study on this website “SAGA OF
THE OLD COVENANT”)
Under the images of two eagles and a vine, we have an illustration of Babylon’s
invasion, Israel’s rebellion by Zedekia and Israel’s failed attempt to find help from
References to these events in 2Kings24:20; 2Chron.36:11-14 and Jer.37
Lesson: Judah being already under divine judgment seeks help in the wrong
place, unbelieving Egypt.
Read more in PK 451 Judah In the vanity of his own
wisdom he turned for help to the ancient enemy of
Federating with unbelievers will not work. See Isa.8:9-12; 2Cor.6:14
We are to counsel with God and to find our strength in Him .Only thus
can we have the presence of the Lord with us; only thus can we
accomplish His work in His way. When the people of God form
alliances of any kind with those who know Him not, then the policies
of men will inevitable supplant the principles of heaven. (SDABC 4-142)
This is what will happen in the last days when the world will
in vain federate together, instead of turning to the God of heaven.
Rev.17:13 Instead of turning to God for help; they go the “beast”
The counsel given in Isa.8:13 will not be applied by the nations.
vs.22-24 describes God’s plan of restoration
A branch will be taken, be planted and made a blessing to the nations
Ellen G.White applies this to the faithful remnant,
“It was still the Lord’s purpose, as it had been from the beginning,
that His people should be a praise in the earth, to the glory of
His name.” (E.G.White in PK 599)
“The setting up of the Messiah’s kingdom in the world shall discover
more clearly than ever to the children of men that God is the King
of the Earth”. (Matth.Henry vl .4-851)
Other references about The Branch: Isa.11:1 Branch of Jesse
Jer.23:5 Branch of David
Jer.33:15 Branch of Righteousness
Zech.3:8 Servant the Branch
,, 6:12 the man whose name is Branch
God’s original purpose for Israel/Judah preserved for after the 70year
captivity, but ultimately fulfilled through the coming of the Messiah
and His kingdom through the NT church/Israel..
The divine plan of “try-again”, after the 70 years of captivity, did not
work, read matt.23:37-39.
See also Psalm 81:8-13
This chapter deals with individual sinning and punishment.
vs.2, 3 wrong proverb, giving a false perception of God.
The sour grapes the fathers ate represented their own personal
sins. The setting of the children’s teeth on edge represented the
suffering the Jews felt came upon them in consequences of their
father’s sins. (SDABC vl.4-638)
Jeremiah deals with the same in 31:29, 30 and answers properly
Exod.20:5, relates to the consequences of father’s sin
It is inevitable that children should suffer from the consequences
of parental wrong-doing , but they are not punished for the parents
guilt, except as they participate in their sins. PP306
Matth.23:35, 36 the children would suffer. Israel’s loss of not
anymore being a covenant nation of God. ib.38, 39, would apply
to its children as well.
The Lord will show mercy to those who love Him and keep
His commandments, Exod.20:6
vs.4 The soul that sins shall die, repeated in vs.20
Nepesh, see Th.W.B.of OT nr.1395a = life, soul, creature, person
Thus in its most synthetic use nepesh stands for the entire person, ibid
vs 4 also states that God is sovereign owner, soul of the son is mine
Vs.5-9 those souls who sin shall die but those who do the right shall
a. do not eat upon the mountains, false worship, vs.6
b. do not go for idolatry, vs.6
c. commit no adultery,vs.6
d. practice no unclean living with woman, vs.6
e. have no bad social behaviour, vs.7,8
f. but are living a just life and obeying God’s statutes.
See Micha 6:8 do justly, love mercy and walk humbly.
Rom.1:17 the just shall live by faith, Hab.2:4
Rev.22:11 the just versus the unjust
Gen.18:19; 26:5 Abraham’s example
John 14:15; 15:10; 1John 2:3
Rev.12:17; 14:12; 22:14 God’s end-time people
vs.10-13 If a man has a rebellious son, that one shall die, vs.13b
vs.14-17 The son that follows not the father’s sin shall live, 17b
vs. 18 The father shall die in his own iniquity
vs. 19,20 People ask: why?
The Lord answers that it is an individual matter, son shall not
bear what father has done, and father shall not bear what son
vs.21-23 What will happen in case of conversion of the wicked
vs.24 What will happen when the righteous falls into sin and
does not return from that sin.
vs.25,29 The people think this is not right
vs.26-28 Principles of vs.21-24 are repeated
vs.30 Every one will be judged according to his own ways,Re.22:12
vs.30-31 What ought to be done;
a. repent and turn away from iniquity
b. cast away your transgressions
c. make a new heart and spirit, John 3:1-5, be born again
vs.32 The Lord has no pleasure in the death of the sinner, vs.23
Jer.31:33; Hebr.8:10 the lord will make a new heart
Rev.3:17; 22:17 we must answer the call or knock
2 Chron. 7:14 If my people pray, humble, seek and turn away
Rom.2:4 God’s goodness will do this, if we choose to listen.
Footnote by Eze.18:20: The father cannot stand in for the son and the son cannot stand in for the father. Some think this applies also to our heavenly Father and that he cannot use His son Jesus Christ to be our substitute at the cross, bearing our guilt and its penalty. This is a wrong conclusion. Humans are sinners, all have sinned, Rom.3:23. Sinners cannot stand in for sinners. But in the divine it is different. Jesus Christ, our Saviour was sinless, but made sin, 2Cor.5:21 and thus could be and is our substitute according to the prophecy of Isa.53. Christ died as man’s substitute in the full meaning of the word. He suffered what we deserve and we receive by grace through faith (Eph.2:8-10) what we do not deserve.
Israel’s growth and demise illustrated by lions and a vine planted by waters
vs.1-9 parable of the lions.
From chains in Egypt, vs.4 growing up prosperous, vs.6, 7
The nations overshadowed him, vs.8 and was taken in their
pit of idolatry which resulted in being in chains again, now by
the king of Babylon,vs.9 and for 70 years in captivity Israel’s
voice was not heard upon the mountains anymore.
vs.10-14 the parable of the vine planted by waters and being fruitful
Psalm 89:8 Israel taken as a vine from Egypt
Isaiah in ch.5 speaks about Israel as a vine in vineyard
Jer.2:21 planted as a noble vine
Matth.21:33-46 Jesus speaks about Israel as a vineyard, but not
giving the expected fruit.
John 15:1-6 The New Testament church is like a vineyard with
a vine and branches to bear fruit.
Ezekiel reveals what happened and how from a flourishing
vineyard and initially bearing fruit, became a withered vine.
vs.12 the east wind dried up her fruit
In Eze.17:10 we read that when the east wind touched it
the fruit dried up.
In Eze.8:16 we read that 25 men were seen worshiping
eastward with their back to the temple of the Lord.
Idolatry, false worship dries up spiritual fruit from the Lord
The Babylonians came from the east and took them captive
In Rev.16:12 we read that the real King(s) from the east
will dry up the confederated nations, Euphrates and
last day false worship comes to an end.
vs.14 Israel will not be a rod to rule. After the 70 yrs of captivity
another period of probation was given, but then Gen.49:10
met its fulfilment with the coming of the Messiah Who
would be the real Ruler from the East,. Isa.41:2; Rev.2:27
Rev.11:15; Dan.7:14, 27; Matth.24:27
The message of the Lord through Ezekiel to elders who came to inquire of the
vs1 Elders of Israel approaching Ezekiel. In normal genuine circumstance
this would have been acceptable, but the Lord knows man’s
heart and mind (Ps.139:1,2) and the Lord refuses to be inquired
of by the elders, knowing who they are. Eze.20:3b
Isa.59:1, 2 sin separates us from God. And Paul speaks about lifting
up holy hands to God in prayer. These elders were not holy in
vs.2-6 in the message, Ezekiel is asked to render to them, they are
reminded of what God has done for them and Israel’s response
The exodus experience is brought to memory. This is often
done: Lev.19:36;26:13; Deut.5:6; Judg.2:12;19:30; Isa.11:16
Jer.7:22; 34:13 and in the Psalms 105 and 106
Paul in his epistles also reminds people from where they
have come, their Christian Exodus experience: Eph.2:11,12
vs.7 coming out of Egypt they were under a divine mandate:
a. to cast away their abominations, to separate from sin
b. not to become contaminated with the sins/idols of Egypt.
Paul gives the NT Christian a similar mandate, Rom.12:1, 2;
2Cor.6:17, 18 & 7:1; also in Rev.18:4
vs.8-10 They did not clean themselves from their abominations, but in
spite that refusal/rebellion the Lord still brought them out of Egypt
This delivery was not because of them but because of the Lord’s
name sake, His love towards them and his oath, Deut.7:7,8
We also are not saved because of us, but because of God’s love
towards us, John 3:16; Rom.5:6,8,10
vs.11,12 In the wilderness He revealed His mandate for them,
including the sign of belonging to the Creator God, the
Sabbath, repeated in vs.20
Regarding the Sabbath it is 4x mentioned how they polluted
the Sabbath, vs.13, 16, 21, 24. Apparently a great offence in
the eyes of the Lord. He is still the same, Hebr.13:8
The Sabbath a sign of belonging, Exod.31:16, 17
vs.13 But they rebelled, they did not walk as asked and they
despised God’s judgments and instructions.
vs.14-16 There was the divine threat not bringing them into the
promised land, but they were not destroyed in the rebellion.
In Exodus 32:10-13 we find the story how the Lord did
threaten to destroy them and make a new people out of
Moses. But Moses mediated and the Lord relented, id.14,
Ez.20:17 mine eye spared them
vs.18-20 The children were warned not to follow their fathers.
who had not entered into the promised land,
vs.21-24 The children also rebelled against the Lord, Numb.25
vs.25,26 An apparent contradiction with God’s character, but Paul
in Rom.1:24-26 states something similar the Lord gave
them up 2x , to their own sins; and in 2Thess.2:11,12 the
Lord will send a delusion to those who have pleasure in
Regarding Eze.20:25, 26 see SDABC 4-647 “In Bible figure, many acts are attributed to God, not with the idea that He actually performs them, but from the point of view that in His omnipotence and omniscience He does not prevent them”.
Matth.Henry writes: The statutes and judgments
which the heathen observed in the worship of their idols were
not good, and in practicing them they could not live; and God
gave them up to those. He made their sin to be their punishment.
vs.27 They had blasphemed the Lord, by their transgressions.
Other translations use the word insulting instead of blasphemy
In 1Cor.5:1, 2 we get the impression that Paul was upset, felt
insulted when he learned what happened in Corinth,
vs.28,29 Again they are reminded re the Exodus and entering into
the promised land.. But instead of serving the Lord Who
had brought them into the land, they started to worship like
the people of the land.
vs.30,31 They have become polluted by their idolatry and the Lord
repeats again that He is not willing to listen to them: I will
not be inquired of by you , as stated before in Eze.20:3
vs.32,33 They had in mind to be like the other nations, but the Lord
was going to prevent this.
Here is the Jer.B. translation: And that dream ever haunting your
mind will never come true ,when you say: We shall be like
the nations, like foreign tribes worshiping wood and stone.
Ellen G.White has the following warning for us: Shall
we sit at the feet of those who ignore the truths which
sanctify the soul? FE 449
Shall we sit at the feet of Willow Creek, Saddleback
and Rick Warren and others who do ignore the truths
which sanctify the soul?. Wouldn’t we make the same
serious error as Israel/Judah in Ezekiel’s day?
What would the Lord do? I will rule over you, vs.33b in other
words the Lord would take matters into His own hands. How?
vs.34,35 with a mighty hand they would be taken out of that sinful
situation, and brought into the wilderness, 70years
Babylonian captivity. (See Jer.25:5-11)
vs.36-37 They would be placed under divine judgment, sorting out
the good from the bad. Bring the good ones into the bond
of the covenant.. God has made plain that whosoever will
may come ‘into the bond of the covenant’ (PK 500) The
willing being separated from the unwilling. (Read also
MH 403/4) The bond of covenant, blood on the doorpost
God’s everlasting covenant sealed with the blood of His
Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
vs.38 The rebels, the unfaithful ones would not return and enter
into the land of Israel.
In the Exodus desert journey those who were unfaithful did
not enter into the promised land, not even Mirjam, Aaron
or Moses himself. Numb.14:20-24, 38 only Joshua and
Caleb saw and entered the Promised Land.
vs.39 Here the Lord let them have their freedom. Do what you
like but don’t come near Me with your idolatry. Divine
worship must be according to God’s way not our way.
vs.40-44 A description of true worship on God’s holy mountain.
And those who would have the privilege to return to that
land would know that it was not because of them but
for the Lord’s name sake.
They would say in terms of Jeremiah: The Lord our
vs.45- 48 A prelude message re what will happen to the Southern
kingdom, Judah/Jerusalem, which is further described
in Eze.21 where Ezekiel is asked to set his face against it
vs.49 When the elders listened to all this from the mouth of
Ezekiel, they said, he tells us some stories, parables. They
had listened with a heart/mind of stone and unbelief.
Pastor Jan T.Knopper
Revised August 2013