Berean Bible Corner

GOSPEL & JUDGMENT

A Three Dimensional Judgement Message

First Angel’s Message of Revelation 14:6,7

We hear often that those who have accepted the gospel message are free from judgment. This study will focus on this issue and show that gospel and judgment

do not contradict each other and also cannot be separated from each other.

 

Scriptures Psalm 96:9-13

Here we have judgment in a setting of joy and gladness. The joy of the Psalmist is over the fact that divine judgment will be done in righteousness. This is in contrast to human judgment which often is done in unrighteousness.

 

Divine judgment is three dimensional:

1. Before the Millennium: pre-Advent or investigative judgment

2. During the Millennium: investigative judgment

3. After the Millennium: executive judgment.

 

Amos 3:7 The Lord does nothing without warning.

Noah and the flood,120 years warning

Abraham/Lot and Sodom/Gomorrah, angelic warning

Jonah and Nineveh,40 days warning

Israel before the 70 years of exile, many prophets warning.

John the Baptist for the first Advent, warning  to repent.

All these great events have been properly announced to the people of that time.

This may confirm that we can expect clear warnings for the final divine judgment.

 

 

Rev.14:6, 7 Gospel/Judgment message.

The content of the preaching is the everlasting gospel

The call of the message is to fear God

.            to give glory to Him,

and to worship Him.

 

The REASON?  For the hour of His judgment is come.

For = Because (NASB/NIV)

“because the time has come for Him to sit in judgment” (Jer.B).

 

A call to worship has always been, Psalm 95:6; 96:9 and in other places.

But in Rev.14:6, 7 a definite reason has been added, judgment is come.

 

Many gospel believers show fear for the judgment.

A number of gospel preachers try to push it aside to calm down the believers.

Some even say there will be no judgment for those who have accepted the gospel

 

Reasons they give:

John 3:17 Christ did not come to condemn but to save.

vs.18 disqualifies this conclusion because the non-believer is already

condemned because of unbelief.

Persistent unbelief becomes self condemnation.

The one who believes will be judged, but not condemned

The one who does not believe is judged and then condemned

Condemnation is not judgment, but the result of judgment

Condemnation is executive, sentencing.

Judgment is investigating to find reason for sentencing.

 

John 5:22, 27 All judgment is given to the Son.

 

“The Father judges no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son”. He hath given Him authority to execute judgment also because He is the Son of man. In His superadded humanity consists the reason of Christ’s appointment. God has committed all judgment unto the Son, for without controversy He is God manifested in the flesh.”  SDABC7a, 687(483)

 

Judgment must not and cannot be separated from the gospel.

Gospel would be reduced to a powerless preaching, not showing the

Consequences when persistently the gospel is rejected.

In Eden our first parents were given the condition for remaining in Eden, Gen.2:17

Disobedience is not without consequences, Rom.6:23

 

THREE PHASES: 1. Pre-millennium (pre-advent, investigative)

2. During the millennium (also investigative)

3. Post-millennium (executive)

 

In the Bible about 329 references to judgment; NT 76 references.

 

             “We are in the great day of atonement and the sacred work of Christ

             for the people of God that is going on at the present time [1882] in the

             heavenly sanctuary, should be our constant study”. 5T520 (SDABC7a, 481)

 

I. First Judgment dimension.

Investigative,

Pre-Advent,

Pre-millennium.

 

A. OBJECTIONS against and answers.

a. No need all completed at the cross: this would jeopardize safety of the new.

Earth. Those allowed inheriting eternal life

must be found  fully in harmony with God’s

plan of salvation.

b. We are judged at the cross:            that would put judgment in the past, while

the apostle Paul preached about judgment to

come in Acts 24:25

c. Friday Nissan 14, AD31 was the

Great Day of Atonement:               that would upset the anti-typical sanctuary

ministry. The Great Day of Atonement

was at the end not at the beginning of the

yearly OT sanctuary cycle.Lev.16

d. Gospel acceptance sets us free:     Free from what? Not from judgment.

Rom.14:10; 2Cor.5:10

e. Jesus went straight into the most

Holy place, Hebr.6:18, 19:            Even if that would be true, He did not at that

time start His second final sanctuary ministry.

 

f. No condemnation, Rom.8:1:           It does not say  “No judgment” that would

be against Hebr.10:30

 

 

B. THREE ITEMS IN FAVOR OF A PRE-ADVENT JUDGMENT.

 

Divine investigation can be traced right from the beginning.

Gen.3:8, 9 The Lord came to the Garden of Eden to investigate regarding Adam

and Eve.

Gen.6:5 the Lord investigated what was going on before the flood and saw the

great wickedness.

Gen.11:5 The Lord came down to see what people were doing

.

Before condemnation and execution always investigation or judgment and proper

warning. Why? Does the Lord not know all things from the beginning? Yes, He does.

But we don’t and the Lord does not pass condemnation arbitrarily. When the Lord came down to see about Sodom and Gomorrah, Gen.18:20, 21 He revealed His plans to Abraham. This is in harmony with what the prophet Amos later wrote in Amos 3:7. In that manner the Lord vindicates Himself through “investigative” judgments. In that manner He shows His justice to the spectators, 1 Cor.4:9 then in the end all will say that His ways are true and just, Rev.15:3; 16:7

 

We will now turn to three items clearly indicating that an end time “investigation” is biblically sustainable and also that it has different purposes.

.

 

1. The typical Leviticus 16 Day of Atoning service in the O.T. Sanctuary:

I. This was a year-end-service, not a year-commencing-one.

ii. Called, Yom Kippur, day of (final) atonement-judgment.

iii. A day of sanctuary cleansing

Lev.16:1 Note in NASB “The day of Atonement, described in this chapter, was the most important of all the ordinances given to Israel because on that day atonement was made for all the sins of the entire congregation (vv.16,21,30,33) as well as for the sanctuary (vv.16,33)”.

Hebr.9:23 state a cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary, as was the case of the earthly one, but with better sacrifices.

The cleansing on the Day of Atonement was not for non confessed sins still with the people, but for confessed sins transferred from the people by blood into the sanctuary. See Leviticus. Chps.1-4. This transfer of confessed sins took place during the daily service, the Tamid.

iv. A day of final judgment, be numbered with Israel for the next year or be cut

off..  Lev.23:27-30

 

 

The following is from Clifford Goldstein, in “1844 Made Simple” p.39,

“God seated on His throne to judge the world, at the same time Judge, Pleader, Expert, and Witness, opens the Books of records, it is read, every man’s signature being found therein. The great

trumpet is sounded; a still small voice is heard; angels shudder, saying, this is the day of judgment: for His very ministers are not pure before God. As the shepherd mustereth his flock, causing them to pass under his rod, so doth God every living soul to pass before Him to fix the limit of every creature’s life and to foreordain its destiny… On the day of Atonement it is sealed who shall live and who are to die”.

Quoted in the Jewish Encyclopedia,” Day of Atonement”

 

From F.C.Gilbert in his book “Practical lessons”

“As the day draws to its close, the earnestness and intensity increases. It is generally believed that the close of this day is regarded in heaven as a ‘sealing time’. If the people have done sufficient repenting, they will receive a ‘good seal’,

which means that they have stood the test in heaven. If not, then they fear they are lost, and may die at any time. Hence in their closing prayers of the day, instead of saying,’ our Father, our King, write our name in the book of life;’ ‘Our father, our King, write our name in the book of remembrance,’ etc., they say,’ Our father, our King, seal our name in the book of remembrance.’ ‘Our father, our King, seal our name in the book of life’. And when the service is ended, they greet each other with the salutation,’ I hope you have received a good seal’” ib.p.267

 

The following is from a contemporary Jewish writer;”Yom Kippur is probably the most important holiday of the Jewish Year…..{There are}  ,books, in which God inscribes all our names. On Yom Kippur, the judgment entered in these books is` sealed. This day is, essentially, your last appeal, your last chance to change the judgment,  to demonstrate your repentance and make amends”  (Judaism 101, at www.jewfag.org/holiday4/htm,accessed Aug.26.2000) from Adventist Review  May25,2006)

 

If the typical OT sanctuary service had a daily, TAMID, service and a final year terminating service, The Great Day of Atonement, then it follows that the anti-typical heavenly sanctuary service where Christ is High priest, Hebr.8:1,2 also must have a terminal service for cleansing and making final atonement. Hebr.9:23 confirms this.

 

2.Prophecy indicates the anti-typical fulfillment of this typical final atoning service

Four points have to be noticed:

.

i.Dan.7:10, 22, 26 predicts a judgment before the 2nd advent.

.              vs. 22      it’s given to the Saints, KJV

in favour of the saints, NASB

judgment in favour of the saints, Jer.B

E.G.White uses the KJV translation in GC622”judgment given to the saints.,

This applies to what the saints will do during the 1000 years of Rev.20 see also 1Cor.6:1-3. But to qualify for this work, the saints themselves must have been judged favorable, before to be qualified to judge others. Both translations fit perfectly.

If it is in favour of the saints, no need for the saints to fear.

Who are saints? See 1 Cor.1:2 those “sanctified in Christ”

 

ii. Dan.8:14       A cleansing to take place, justification, vindication and restoration

This is dated as to happen in the future.

 

iii. Dan.8:11      Papacy would take TAMID away, which means the daily

sanctuary service/ministry, excluding the last day service, which

was not yet in process; what’s not in process cannot be taken away.

A worship service in transgression, opposing the daily service”

(Tamid) New Dutch Translation of Dan.8:12

This false worship service is in need of restoration, see above

Dan.8:14. This restoration to take place through the Gospel-

Judgment message of Rev.14:6, 7, see next point.

 

iv .Rev.14:7       Judgment announced before the Second Advent.

See also Rev.11: 1, 2, 18, .there is trumpet sound. Before the OT

Day of Atonement, there was trumpet sound. In the Revelation we

go through a period of seven trumpets before we reach chapter 14.

 

 

3. Parables indicating a pre-advent judgment:

i. Matth.13:24-30 Leave the tares till the day of harvest.

ii.     ib.      47-50 The net, the catch will be sorted out in the end.

iii.     ib   22:2-14  Wedding garment investigation. This is a clear indication that

there will be an investigation if all are covered with the free

gift, by God’s grace, of Christ’s robe of righteousness

“By the king’s examination of the guests at the feast is

                        represented a work of  judgment”. (COL.310)

iv.    ib.   25:1-13   The ten virgins.two groups of five.

v.    ib.        31-46 Sheep and goats. act of separation.

 

God has to make sure that it is safe to save us in His kingdom. It must be certain that all sins are confessed and via the blood of Christ transferred into the heavenly sanctuary. Also that in place of practicing sin, victory over sin has been reached.

Christ came not only for the forgiveness of sin, but to save us from sin.

Matthew 1:21; John 1:29;

John 8:11 no condemnation, but go and sin no more. Start a new life in Christ

Faith-relationship must result in faith-victory .One cannot be without the other.

 

The plan of salvation in OT and NT provides for sin-transfer into the

sanctuary via sacred blood, a gift of God, Lev.17:11 ;John 3:16. (Lev.1-4)

Sins must be removed from the sinner into the sanctuary,

1John 1:9. We must be cleansed first before the sanctuary is cleansed.

Dr.Shea gives 12 reasons for a (investigative) pre-advent judgment,

see Dan/Rev.series.vol.3,pag.323  Here below the listing of the 12 reasons:

 1  The pre-advent judgment is an activity of God.

2.  The pre-advent judgment constitutes a major turning point in the history

        of salvation

   3. The pre-advent judgment demarcates the ‘time of the end’ from the

       end of time

      4.  The pre-advent judgment occupies the first of three great phases of God’s

    final work of judgment that will end with the establishment of His eternal

   kingdom

     5. The pre-advent judgment focuses on Christ and says something about at

          its climax.

    6.  The pre-advent judgment says something about the wicked and their fate.

    7.  The pre-advent judgment says something about the righteous and their destiny.

    8.  The pre-advent judgment provides an answer to the problem of the current

         state of the righteous dead.

    9. The pre-advent judgment provides a demonstration of the character of God.

  10. The pre-advent judgment provides a logical conclusion to the first phase of

        Christ’s priestly ministration in heaven (the TAMID phase,JTK)

11. The pre-advent judgment places strong emphasis on the ethical demands

        of the gospel.

  12. The pre-advent judgment emphasizes our responsibility to observe all of God’s

        commandments, including the observance of the Sabbath.

 

        

 

 

C. THE FOCUS OF PRIESTLY MINSITRY ON THE DAY OF ATONEMENT.

 

For confessed or unconfessed sins?

 

Confession is followed by transfer and results in forgiveness, pardon.

The Blotting out results in complete removal of confessed sins on the Great Day

of Atonement from the sanctuary..

After forgiveness a record of sins remains, by way of the blood, stained by

confessed sins carried into the sanctuary. This required yearly cleansing,

removal from the sanctuary.Hebr.9:23

After blotting out, all is gone, no more to be remembered.

 

By confession, sins are stored in the sanctuary via atoning blood.

By blotting out, removal away from the sanctuary you won’t be able to find

sins again, gone forever.

 

The Day of Atonement, is for cleansing, purification, affirmation, justification, vindication and restoration.

NITSDAQ  ,used in Dan.8:14, according to the Hebrew scholars means:

1.Restoration

2.Vindication.(Justification)

3.Purification.

 

 

Restoration: Sin separates parties, Isa.59:2

The atonement restores, bridges the gap

.

Sin puts the sinner under capital punishment on death row.

Rom.6:23 wages of sin is death.

Ezech.18:4 the soul that sins shall die.

 

1John 3:4 transgression of the law is sin

Christ is the believer’s substitute; He takes sin and its penalty,

Isaiah 53; 2Cor.5:21

 

The atonement restores relationship between God and sinner,

which is also called a healing process.(The Dutch name for Saviour

is Heiland which means healer, same in the German language.).

The final atonement on the Great Day of Atonement affirms

restored relationship. It is sealed forever.

                              

                  

Vindication: In the atonement service God is vindicated to be true to His word

and just in His actions. Rom.3:26. God is justified in what He is                                                   .                              doing with sinners who accept His atonement plan.

In the atonement for sin the confessed sin and its penalty is

transferred to a substitute, a lamb, Christ is that lamb, John 1:29

 

The judgment clears God from being corrupt, saving sinners and

by-passing their punishment. God is justified and so is the sinner.

Sin and its penalty has fallen on the substitute, Christ Jesus.

Purification: The transfer of sin into the sanctuary created pollution, which

called for cleansing or purification.

Lev.16:5-10

“Next the high priest presented two goats as a sin offering for the people.

One was slain, and the other was sent into the wilderness. Scapegoat (v.10).

Lit., Azazel, a combination of the words for ‘Goat” and ‘depart’ the live

goat was the removing goat, symbolizing the removal of Israel’s sins.’ ( NASB)

ib. vs.30  “..atonement for you  ,to cleanse you, that you may be clean from

all your sins before the Lord”.

Their sins had been transferred into the sanctuary, brought before

the Lord, all year, day by day, TAMID ministry. But on the Great

Day of Atonement the confessed sins are removed away from the

sanctuary and from the Lord.

 

 

D. THE   B I G   QUESTION .

 

1. Will my sins have been removed when Jesus comes,

or,

2. Will I be removed, blotted out when Jesus comes?

 

The answer to these questions is based upon a faith-productive or non-productive

relationship with God, through Christ.

 

Q. Why does it have to be productive?

 

A. Rom.8:1 No condemnation for people

who are in Christ , not living according to the flesh ,but the Spirit.

Note: vs.4 qualifies statement of vs.1.

Sins have been transferred into the sanctuary via the blood of Christ

“Good” relationship without the matching behavior is corrupt and can be

qualified as a false relationship.Matt.7:21-23

 

“Therefore, we, who do not live by our corrupt nature, but by our spiritual nature

are able to meet God’s standard”  Rom.8:4. (God’s Word)

 

“He did this in order that the Law’s just demands might be satisfied in us, who behave

not as our unspiritual nature but as the spirit dictates”. Rom.8:4 (.Jer.B.)

Such people are living under grace, not under the condemnation of the law

Read Titus 2:11-15, grace as a teacher.

 

“To bring man’s life into harmony with the divine

will is the purpose of the plan of salvation.” (SDABC vl.6.p.562)

 

THEY ARE IN CHIRST. HAVING A PRODUCTIVE RELATIONSHIP,

ARE ABLE TO MEET GOD’s STANDARD OF RIGHTEOUSNESS

THEY ARE THE SAINTS IN WHOSE FAVOUR THE JUDGMENT WILL BE.

SUCH A JUDGMENT IS REDEMPTIVE NOT PUNITIVE FOR THE TRUE

BELIEVER.

 

No reason for fear or trepidation

Confessed sins have been transferred into the sanctuary, via the blood of Christ

and will be removed, done away with for ever and ever,Ps.103:12; Micah 7:19.

Names of such saints are in the book of life and remain there even after death..

 

Dan.7:22 In favour of the saints.NKJV

 

No fear for a court session or divine judgment if you are told the outcome is in

your favour

 

Q. Who are saints?

A. 1Cor.1:1-3 Those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus.

 

Satan will be our accuser, Rev.12:10; Zech.3:1, 2 But if God can show that we

are “a brand plucked from the fire”, that our sins have been transferred into the

sanctuary, covered by the blood of  Christ and we have received Christ’s

righteousness, then Satan’s accusations will fall on dead ground.

God may answer Satan,” yes, that person is a sinner, but the sins are with me,

in Christ, my Son I took the penalty.”

 

 

 

 

II.SECOND DIMENSION IN JUDGMENT.

 

Judgment during the millennium.

Described in Rev.20; referred to by Paul in 1 Cor.6:2, 3.

As God is vindicated in the pre-millennium judgment regarding the ones who will

be saved, so He will be vindicated regarding the ones who are lost, in the

millennial judgment. The books opened will reveal the reasons for being not

saved..

 

“The judgment scene will take place in the presence of all the worlds,

                 for in this judgment the government of God will be vindicated, and His

                 law will stand  forth as ‘holy, and just and good.’”  *RH Sept.20, 1898)

 

 

 

III.THIRD DIMENSION IN JUDGMENT.

 

This is post-millennium judgment or executive judgment.

Mal.4:1 The day burning as an oven.

Rev.20:14, 15. The final executive act of the judgment is regarding the wicked,

followed by the New Earth and Heaven for the saved, Rev.21,22; Isa.65

 

 

CONCLUSION.

 

True gospel preaching, the eternal gospel, must include the judgment. People must know what the consequences of sinning will be, death. Rom 6:23.

This was part of Paul’s preaching, Acts.24:25 Righteousness

Temperance (behaviour)

Judgment

 

So it is included in the last message of Rev.14:6, 7

 

Let it be presented in its fullness, three dimensional.

 

Nobody will escape judgment, but all have equal opportunity to escape the

executive one, Rom.8:1  For there is no condemnation for those who are

                                             in Christ Jesus.

 

 

Pastor Jan T Knopper

May 2006

Edited September 2010

Revisited August 2013

 

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